What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In The Summer And Winter?- How Do Arctic Foxes Eat Their Food?

Updated: 24 Apr 2021



What Do Arctic Foxes Eat? Arctic foxes eat both animals and plants because they are omnivores. Their staple diet consists of lemmings and white geese. 

This article will explain what arctic foxes consume in temperate climates and the icy environments and conditions in which they live. Of course, arctic foxes are adorable and go largely unnoticed by most people, but have you ever wondered what they eat?

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

They are omnivores, which means they consume a wide variety of plants and animals. They eat lemmings regularly; they can consume up to 12 lemmings per day. White geese are also a popular food source for them.

Lemmings and white geese make up much of the food of arctic foxes and are considered vital to their longevity. Here's the list of foods that they consume:

  • Fish
  • White Geese
  • Seabirds
  • Eggs
  • Waterwolfs
  • Arctic Hares
  • Seabirds
  • Worms
  • Lemmings
  • Voles
  • Shellfish
  • Reptiles
  • Urchins

Aside from these, they consume various fruits, marine mammals, and invertebrates. They eat mostly the food they preserved and buried in the previous months during the winter.

These are some of those species that, owing to their harsh temperate conditions, are still considered understudied. As a result, many arctic fox habits are still unknown—things like their environment many people s, where they live, and how they manage the winter.

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In The Summer?

Over the summer months, they gather enough food to store in their dens. They usually gather any surplus food and bury it to save it later in other months when they can find it; it is winter training since they never know when they'll need it.

During the summer, they try to eat as much food as possible to build up fatty layers that will help them survive the winter. Since arctic foxes do not hibernate, their high food intake is crucial. So the best way to make it through the winter is to gain enough weight to withstand the cold.

As a result, they eat more in the summer and spring than in the winter. Winter, on the other hand, is a fascinating month for them and their feeding habits.

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In The Winter?

In the winter, they have a hard time finding food, and since they do not hibernate, they depend on food to stay alive. All of the food they stored and buried during the summer and other months is mainly used during the winter.

However, this hidden and frozen food is only used as a backup and is only consumed when meat is scarce in the icy tundra. Furthermore, they attempt to hunt as many species and wildlife as possible in their snow dens. When available, they also eat frozen berries and other foods.

They like to consume carcasses of reindeer and other discarded carcasses left behind by other animals such as polar bears when food is scarce. Surprisingly, they catch and eat many migrating birds, especially in northern Canada, it happens when arctic foxes' ground food becomes scarce in the winter, and they turn to hunt birds.

When food is scarce, they will often track and chase polar bears and wolves to locate the remains of their kills. The arctic fox will patiently wait for these predators to leave behind something they don't like, as what a polar bear leaves behind might be a substantial snack for the smaller arctic fox!

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In The Tundra?

In Tundra, they mostly eat the following food with full interest:

  • Carrions
  • Saa Birds
  • Marine
  • Insects
  • Fish
  • Berries
  • Lemmings

While eagles, polar bears, and wolves hunt arctic foxes to satisfy their hunger in Tundra.

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In The Arctic?

They consume various foods, the main target being lemmings, but they will also seek and capture other small species and steal food from beneath seabird colonies on cliffs and scraps from animals like polar bears.

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In Iceland?

They are highly opportunistic feeders; they can eat anything dead or alive, from pants to insects and animals.

Mostly, in Iceland, they eat the following food:

  • Fish
  • Birds
  • Carrion
  • Birds Eggs

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat In Northern Vanda?

Arctic foxes are voracious predators who devour almost any living or dead animal. In Northern Vanda, they rely on rodent populations, particularly dolts, shrews, and other small animals. Birds, bugs, eggs, fruit, snakes, and lizards are also on their menu.

What Do Arctic Foxes Eat For Kids?

For kids, arctic foxes like to eat little rodents known as lemmings, but if times are bad, they'll eat anything they can find, including bugs, fruit, and even other animals' excrement. An arctic fox may occasionally accompany a polar bear on a hunting excursion and devour the bear's leftovers.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How Do Arctic Foxes Eat Their Food?

As previously mentioned, an arctic fox's diet relies on hunting and capturing prey; mostly, they find their food under the snow. As a result, they use a unique method of finding and catching their prey under the snow before killing and eating them.

They usually survey the snow with their noses close to the ground, listening and detecting the movement of the prey with their acute hearing and other senses. When the precise location of possible prey is discovered, the arctic fox leaps to its feet and dives through the ice to smash it, or they dig up the snow with their front paws to break through and grab the prey concealed underneath.

2. How Frequently Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

An average family of 11 arctic foxes may consume 60 rodents each day during the summer. Coastline arctic foxes also eat seafood, sea urchins, and other invertebrates.

3. What Do Arctic Foxes Like To Eat?

Arctic fox food consists of many things. They like to eat small mammals mostly. A list of favorite arctic fox diets comprise the following species:

  • Seaweeds
  • Larvas
  • Lemmings
  • Insects

Sometimes, they like to eat berries if there is a shortage of food.

4. What Plants Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

However, as previously described, they are omnivores, and fruits play a crucial role in their diet. As a result, they eat berries, seaweed, insects, and frozen fruits (when available).

For arctic foxes, insects and other small invertebrates are excellent snacks. When food is scarce, they consume the eggs of white geese and other available birds in their habitat.

5. Do Foxes Eat Penguins?

No, arctic foxes do not hunt penguins since penguins only reside in the Antarctic, not the tundra or arctic, where arctic foxes thrive.

6. Do Arctic Foxes Eat Reindeer?

When food is short, they devour reindeer remains and other leftover carcasses left behind by other animals such as polar bears. Interestingly, arctic foxes have caught and consumed many migratory birds, particularly in northern Canada.

7. What Kind Of Berries Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

Plants and fruits like berries, peaches, cherries, pears, and walnuts are also part of their diet. Red foxes will eat carrion at night and may even target chicken farms. Foxes living near city environments will consume rats, birds, and any waste they can find.

8. What Type Of Birds Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

When opposed to the countryside fox, urbanized foxes benefit from these widely accessible and straightforward food sources and are more likely to discover and eat birds such as pigeons or mice. They'll also eat bread left out for birds, as well as other foods such as seeds. White geese are also a common food source for arctic foxes. Lemmings and white geese make up most of an arctic fox's food and are vital to survival.

9. What Kind Of Eggs Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

Arctic fox puppies can ingest goose eggs, which are a healthy option to eat. Surprisingly, the parents of Arctic fox cubs conceal extra goose eggs in the freezing tundra as a possible meal for their offspring.

10. What Type Of Fish Do Arctic Foxes Eat?

Arctic foxes hunt many tiny creatures, such as:

  • Fish
  • Lemmings
  • Waterfowl
  • Lemongrass
  • Seabirds
  • Reptiles

It also consumes carrion, berries, seaweed, insects, and tiny invertebrates.

11. How Do Arctic Foxes Hunt?

Arctic foxes will consume whatever they can get their hands on. Arctic foxes can detect prey moving even under snow with their big ears. Arctic foxes jump directly into the air, then fall straight on their target and grab it firmly by the front paws.

Foxes have highly developed vision, hearing, touch, and smell capabilities, and they employ all of them to hunt. They can swivel their ears, which helps them find prey via sound. Foxes have binocular sight, like many other animals, with both eyes pointing forward.

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